This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. Domestic violence according to many definitions is considered a pattern or consistency of behavior s towards any individual in any kind of relationship which is used to acquire and retain a form of power and control over another person.
Domestic violence varies in many different forms and the abuse can be physical, sexual, and psychological and also it can be an emotional abuse. These abuses cause fear in the lives of the abused individuals.
words (12 pages) Example Essay in Sociology Domestic violence against women will be noted in the context of patriarchy, but this. Domestic violence is very real and common in the UK, and indeed internationally In the UK domestic violence accounts for a quarter of all cr.
The abused individual will show signs of fright, intimidation, terror, physical injury and many more. These are few of the signs that can point to someone being a victim of domestic violence. According to the office on violence against women, domestic violence is seen as a consistent pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship.
Also this office believes that domestic abuse and violence can happen to about anyone which can in turn lead to more devastating damages to the victim. This issue is a very important issue that sometimes can be overlooked and ignored and proper help are not being received by the victims. There are many different groups and services that are available for these victims in hope to help them get out of these abusive and violent relationships.
A lot of emphasis has been made on the fact that maybe domestic violence only happens to females, but there have been issues where these violent abuses have come upon males and children as well.
Many suffer in silence for a long time before any form of intervention is received to help them get out of the situation. Children as well are common culprits of domestic abuse either from their parents or potential caregivers. It is now up to the teachers and outside sources to intervene for some of these children in order for them to receive adequate and appropriate help at the right time before it becomes too late.
This act of crime happens to people of all background with no bias to education or financial status. Many people argue that the idea of domestic violence has become over inflated and whether or not it should result in punishment and severe reprimanded.
According to the National Criminal justice reference services, most domestic violence abuse occurs among intimate partners. Many of these violent abuses can be quite damaging and sometimes can even lead to permanent damages and death. Social Cognitive Theory which was written by Bandura talks about behaviors, cognition of the individual and other major events and environmental factors. Based on this strength that the individual has, self determination and realization can be better accomplished without waiting too long. In cognitive theory, many different plans and techniques can be used to help victims of domestic violence have the courage to speak up against their abuser by using all the available means and sources around them.
This can also build on the ideas of anticipating outcomes, and learning from observation of acts that might eventually lead to an abuse. Domestic violence can be seen from another perspective and theory which is the social learning theory. Many will ask the question; what is social learning theory and how does it relate to domestic violence? According to the great theorist Bandura, he believed that it quite impossible for an individual to learn everything that needs to learned on their own without any social and outside help. His theory went on further to argue that people learn new behaviors and information by observing and watching other people.
This act is known as observational learning and it can be used to explain a lot of behaviors that individuals display. Based on this theory, it can be seen how positive behaviors can be reinforced and vice versa with a negative one. In cases of domestic violence, many of the victims and the abusers at one time in their life have probably observed violent behaviors in which they ended up imitating later on in life.
For example, a young boy who grew up seeing his father abusing his mother might end up growing up to be an abuser as well. Abuse towards children may not be recognised by other people observing the father and child; when the fathers parenting is observed he can perform well, thus hiding his abusive temperament from being revealed Wilson, and Bancroft et al, Many researchers speaking of the father—child relationship talk of the feelings children have towards their father.
On the one hand children express affection towards their father Wilson, ; Lapierre, and Peled, and see their father as entertainment and a relief from the tensions in the relationship with their mother Bancroft et al, However, on the other hand children feel resentment, disappointment, bitterness, confusion and pain over his behaviour Wilson, ; Bancroft et al, ; Lapierre, and Peled, and were usually frightened of him Radford and Hester, Although children feel affection towards their father, this is usually forced through fear Radford and Hester, and combined with unhealthy attachments and traumatic bonding Bancroft et al, ; Peled, and Radford and Hester, Thomas says that some attachment theorists argue that violence negatively affects the attachment between the child and parent.
Attachment which is based on fear creates insecurity and a traumatic bond. The traumatic bond formed with the abusive father will have a negative effect on the father-child relationship Radford and Hester, As well as the parenting and the feelings towards the father, children also view their father as a role model and are able to identify with him, which in turn negatively impacts on the children Wilson, Bancroft et al suggests that parents are natural role models to their children.
Boys exposed to domestic violence have higher rates of bullying and aggressiveness and both boys and girls learn to meet their needs by manipulating, pressuring and coercing others Wilson, Bancroft et al says that witnessing domestic violence gives children messages which they model such as, victims are responsible, violence is justified to resolve conflict and impose their will, boys should be in control of women, abusers do not have any consequences for their actions and women are weak.
When applied to the family, the social learning theory states that people model behaviour they have been exposed to as children. During childhood, children observe how their parents behave in intimate relationships; from this they learn what is appropriate for these relationships.
This chapter so far has looked at how the father-child relationship is affected during domestic violence; most researchers talking of negative impacts while barely any mention anything positive. To further understand how the father-child relationship is affected it is beneficial to look at what happens between the father and child in the aftermath of violence, post separation. Children were also found to want to continue seeing their father as they are still emotionally attached to him Radford and Hester, Harne however, found that a third of children who had contact with their fathers did not enjoy seeing them and did not feel safe while other children were ambivalent.
The domestic violence however, often continues through these child contact arrangements Hester et al, Bancroft et al found that the level of domestic violence often increases; those that are separated experience four times more violence than those living together this can be because fathers constantly quiz their children for more information about their mother. Fathers abuse the contact arrangement making their children frightened and living in fear Humphreys et al, ; the risk of abuse and harassment is also increased Radford and Hester, Harne found that children who continued to see their fathers after separation often displayed increased behavioural problems and a deeper level of anxiety.
As a result of this, separating from the father in most cases had an even bigger negative impact on the father-child relationship. Bancroft, L. Borrego, J. Calder, M. Cleaver, H. Guille, L. Hamner, J. Harne, L. Bristol, UK: Policy Press.
It can also be a single act or a pattern of behaviour Continue Reading. The previous definition of domestic violence also did not mention controlling or coercive behaviour, instead only saying "any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse" Home Office, Thesis Statement: Domestic Violence is something that should not be taken lightly. Returned POWs who suffered from impotence assumed that their wives were entitled to sexual satisfaction and were frustrated by their incapacity to provide it. Order Now. The time that it has taken you to read to this point is the time it has taken for a women to be hit by this crisis. You can also choose to be emailed when someone replies to your comment.
Hester, M. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Holden, G. Humphreys, C. Lapierre, S. Levendosky, A. Luthar, S. McGee, C. Milner, J. Cited in: Fawcett, B. Mullender, A. My married life was ruined. Divorced my wife for adultery whilst in captivity.
My wife refuses to life with me as a wife though I still support her. Told me her love for me had died whilst I was a POW. These applicants, it seems, thought they were being asked about their marital situation. Some men believed that their experience of captivity had been, quite literally, emasculating. Over 20, former POWs returned to Australia at the end of the war. Evidence from the s and s, as former POWs and their wives renegotiated relationships, is relatively rare, especially among people not usually given to recording their feelings for posterity in the form of letters, diaries or journals.
The happy life, of returned POWS as much as any other group, is the least likely to leave an archival trace. These trust fund papers, to which I was granted special access, may not tell the full story about successful relationships that were essential to the hard work of rehabilitation, but they do reveal the costs to those who failed.
Given the sensitive nature of the material contained within them, which includes hand-filled application forms, letters and the reports of doctors and psychiatrists, I have used pseudonyms to refer to particular cases. The papers show that while women prioritised captivity as an explanation for dysfunction, medical professionals were more likely to see work-shy, evasive or sexually neurotic men. Returned POWs who suffered from impotence assumed that their wives were entitled to sexual satisfaction and were frustrated by their incapacity to provide it.
senjouin-kikishiro.com/images/dazegogam/4376.php By the s, experts, counsellors, therapists and, increasingly, women themselves insisted that a strong sexual connection and mutual enjoyment of sex were essential for a successful marriage. The unhappiness of wives was a common refrain among men who complained about their failure to perform. At the time, Frank was 33 and his wife was By , they had separated.
Wives themselves were frequently baffled and distressed by this turn of events. The absence of a wife or a sweetheart on the docks, at the aerodrome or at the showgrounds, where many families gathered to greet their returning POWs, came as a rude shock. Years of fantasising about reunion, the experience of being loved, eating home-cooked meals, and rolling over in bed to see a familiar face came to naught. Returning POWs were not immune to a broader trend in Australia in the late s when there was a sharp spike in the divorce rate.